FellowPhDr. Péter Prohászka
Project NameArchival records about archeological sites, finds and hoards from the territory of Slovakia
Host organisationInstitute of Archaeology
Duration of the project01.04.2015 - 31.03.2018

Abstract
The „archive archaeology“ plays an increasing role in the international research. Its meaning is in gathering and publishing of all the written sources, located in various museums and other archives, libraries mentioning the archaeological finds and sites. With the help of these written sources and reports it is possible to enlarge and precise the knowledge about older sites, archaeological contexts and to reconstruct the finding entities. With the support of correspondences and reports it is possible to clarify the find circumstances and to identify the artifacts in the collections of museums. These important sources are up to now untapped in the case of Slovakia. The area of the present Slovakia was until the year 1918 an integrated part of the Hungarian Kingdom, respectively the Habsburg monarchy, what was the reason why a part of the discovered archaeological finds were obtained by institutions in Vienna or Budapest (Münz-und Antikenkabinet in Vienna or Hungarian National Museum in Budapest). Archival records about these finds are in the archives and libraries in Vienna and in Budapest. With the support of SASPRO I want explore these records, identify the artifacts in the museums and publish the results. It is an important aim to create a database in the host institute with these archival records. The obtained information will be analysed in the close cooperation with the expert scientists of the Institute of Archaeology SAS. The new equipment of the work area, gained from the funds of EU will allow the modern analysis and documentation of the archaeological contexts and their quality scientific evaluation and publication.The results of his work will represent a significant asset not only for the Institute of Archaeology SAS in Slovakia, but for the whole European Archaeology.

Project Summary with Interim Results

The archive archaeology“ plays an increasing role in the international research. Its meaning is in gathering and publishing of all the written sources, located in various museums and other archives, libraries mentioning the archaeological finds and sites. With the help of these written sources and reports it is possible to enlarge and precise the knowledge about older sites, archaeological contexts and to reconstruct the finding entities. With the support of correspondences and reports it is possible to clarify the find circumstances and to identify the artifacts in the collections of museums. These important sources are up to now untapped in the case of Slovakia. The area of the present Slovakia was until the year 1918 an integrated part of the Hungarian Kingdom, respectively the Habsburg monarchy, what was the reason why a part of the discovered archaeological finds were obtained by institutions in Vienna or Budapest (Münz-und Antikenkabinet in Vienna or Hungarian National Museum in Budapest). Archival records about these finds are in the archives and libraries in Vienna and in Budapest. With the support of SASPRO I want explore these records, identify the artifacts in the museums and publish the results. It is an important aim to create a database in the host institute with these archival records. The obtained information will be analysed in the close cooperation with the expert scientists of the Institute of Archaeology SAS. The new equipment of the work area, gained from the funds of EU will allow the modern analysis and documentation of the archaeological contexts and their quality scientific evaluation and publication. The results of his work will represent a significant asset not only for the Institute of Archaeology SAS in Slovakia, but for the whole European Archaeology. I conducted my reseach in the Hungarian National Archives in Budapest in the first year of the project. I searched the files of the Hungarian Chamber and the files in the Fond musei of the Archive Palatins Joseph, which gave a lot of information. The other taking, the research in the legacy of Flóris Rómer was made in the Archive of the Hungarian National Museum, in the Széchenyi Library and in the Archive of the Forster Centrum. It has been comleted and the data were processed.  I wrote more than half dozen articles based on these data.


I started my research in Vienna on hand in archives, on the other hand in museums. I used the inventory books of the Naturhistorisches Museum and the Kunsthistorisches Museum, and I collected the data about finds, hoards to 1890. I will continue my research and with the help of this data to idetify the “lostfinds in the second year of the project. I started my reseach in the Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv with the files of the Oberstkämmereramt, as well as of the Hungarian Chamber. I collected all information about the finds and treasures. I collected both in Vienna and in Budapest the news and articles among the topics in old newspapers. For example in the Vereinigte Ofner Pester Zeitung were published important data about finds. I started my research in the Archive of the Hungarian National Museum in Budapest.


I found in the first year of the project lots of data abot different finds, deposit and treasures. A part of them is well-founded descriptions frequently with drawings or maps. Based on the reseach were more articles written and published. The publishing of the analysis the Nasvadys cemetery is in process and will be published in Slovakian in this year. I helped several collegaues and Slovakian archaeologist with data of my research. The importance of my researches show, that I am a partner organizer of the section Archive Archaeology” in the congress of European Association of Archaeologist in September 2016 in Vilnius.


The results of the first year research will be added to the proposed database, which will be used only in the Archaeological Institut. A part of the new discoveries will be published in different aticles and in the for the second year proposed book Sctze aus den Archiven.